A survey team consisting of Dr. Dehdar, Mr. Mozafari and Mr. Rahbari subcontracted by JICA Expert Team (JET) is in progress to grasp the reptiles and amphibians fauna of the Anzali Wetland as a Joint Pilot Activity, “Comprehensive Ecosystem Survey of the Anzali Wetland”. The reptiles and amphibians survey started in February 2018.
Mr. Watanabe and Mr. Shintani from JICA Expert Team joined the survey on 18th May, 2018.
The team recorded 9 reptiles such as Ringed Snake (Natrix natrix), Dice Snake (Natrix tessellat), Dione Snake (Elaphe dione), Caspian Green Lizard (Lacerta strigata), Green-bellied Lizard (Darevskia chlorogaster), Slow Warm (Anguis colchica), European Glass Lizard (Pseudopus apodus), European Pond Turtle (Emys orbicularis), and Caspian Turtle (Mauremys caspica) until now.
3 amphibian species such as Eurasian Marsh Flog (Pelophylax ridibundus), Oriental Tree Flog (Hyla orientalis) and Iranian Long-legged Flog (Rana pseudodalmatina) were recorded by the team as well.
The number of species will be increased by future survey which is continued by the end of summer.
This baseline survey is very important to understand the wetland ecosystem. Conservation and restoration activities should be based on the result of baseline surveys. JET noticed some kind of species such as Iranian Long-legged Flog faced a threat of habitat loss. JET will start the planning of conservation plan with DOE under the Wetland Ecosystem Conservation Sub Committee of the Anzali Wetland Management Committee (AWMC).
In addition, the survey team has also found one of the worst invasive alien species, Red-eared Slider (Trachemys scripta) in Eynak Lagoon in Rasht city. Eynak Lagoon is in watershed of the Anzali Wetland. Therefore, the alien should be blocked to introduce the Anzali Wetland.