The Anzali Wetland is a very important habitat for many migratory birds as a wintering, breeding and stopover site. However, migratory routes of the birds in the Anzali Wetland are almost unknown. In order to identify the migratory routes of migratory birds in the Anzali Wetland, satellite-tracking survey by using ARGOS system was planned as a part of comprehensive ecosystem survey, which is the Joint Pilot Activity of the project.
ARGOS system is a global satellite-based location and data collection system from Platform Terminal Transmitters, PTTs dedicated to studying and protecting planet’s environment. The satellite catches radio wave from the PTTs and informs the coordinates of PTTs to users
Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus) was selected as target bird to track the migratory route. The Dalmatian Pelican is the largest pelican, 160-180 cm long and weighs around 10kg. It is one of the heaviest flying birds in the world. Dalmatian Pelican visits the Anzali Wetland for wintering. According to the BirdLife International, current global population is estimated only 10,000–۲۰,۰۰۰ individuals. In recent winters, more than 1,000 individuals, which is 5-10 % of global population, were recorded in the Anzali Wetland. We should conserve these travelers from northern countries as a symbol of the wetland.
Four Dalmatian Pelicans were captured by Mr.Ashoori, who is DOE bird expert, and his team on 2nd and 3rd March in the Anzali Wetland. Mr.Watanabe who is in charge of wetland ecosystem conservation of the project attached PTTs to Pelicans. PTTs with 60g weight were developed for Pelicans by Nomad Science Inc. in Japan. Four Pelicans with PTTs were released at Sorkhankol guard station.
The project team received information from the AROGOS system that all Pelicans are still in the Anzali Wetland as of 6th March 2016. They will leave to breeding site in northern countries.
New information of Pelican’s migratory will be informed in this website.