Kushiro-shitsugen (Kushiro Wetland) Located in Kushiro City, Kushiro Town, Shibecha Town and Tsurui Village
Registered on the Ramsar List in 1980 (7,863ha)
Kushiro-shitsugen is Japan’s largest wetland, extending 36 km from north to south and 25 km from east to west with a total area of 22,070 ha . It was Japan’s first wetland to be listed under the Ramsar Convention, and consists mostly of reed-sedge marshland with a web of tributaries flowing into the Kushiro River, which runs over the wetland from south to north. Kushiro-shitsugen is a rich habitat for a variety of precious flora and fauna, including the Red-crowned crane (designated as a Special Natural Monument of Japan) and the Siberian salamander (a northern-region relic species found only in certain parts of Japan).
Many Iranian trainees visited to the Kushiro Wetland in order to study experiences of Kushiro Wetland conservation until now.