Comprehensive ecosystem survey was planned as one of the Joint Pilot Activity under the Project. A mammal survey and bird survey are components of the comprehensive ecosystem survey. It is a first year-round scientific mammal and bird survey in the Anzali Wetland. These surveys were finished almost one year ago. Fish survey is ongoing in the moment. According to the result, there is no longer any doubt that the Anzali Wetland has significant value as mammal and bird habitat.
A symposium” Report of the Mammal and Bird survey in the Anzali Wetland
～How to Monitor and Conserve the Anzali Wetland Ecosystem～” was held to report the results of surveys with the presence of experts from related organization in 3rd December 2016 in Department of the Environment (DOE) amphitheater hall.
In symposium opening speech, Mr. Aoki, the Chief Advisor of the project from JICA Expert Team claimed that these kind of comprehensive ecosystem surveys are necessary to grasp the data about Anzali Wetland ecosystem and understand the current situation of it in order to implement the conservation and restoration activities.
Dr. Naderi (Professor of Gilan University), the leader of mammal survey, explained 21 species of mammal were recorded in the Anzali Wetland. Common Otter was one of the most frequent mammal species.
Mr. Abbas Ashoori, main partner of bird survey (DOE Expert) in behalf of Dr. Waraste Moradi (Professor of Gorgan University), leader of bird survey project had a presentation that the survey identified 243 species in the Anzali Wetland. In addition to bird fauna survey, 2,725 nests of Whiskered Tern, 5 nests of Common Tern, 6 colonies of Purple Heron, 1,146 nests of Great Reed Warbler were found in the Anzali Wetland.
Mr. Watanabe, Wetland ecosystem conservation expert from JICA Expert Team reported the results of the satellite tracking of Dalmatian Pelican which moved to the wetland along the coast of Caspian Sea in Russia from the Anzali Wetland.
Mr. Keyvan Abbasi from the Nation Inland Water Aquaculture Institute (NIWAI), and the leader of the fish survey project, explained the progress of the fish survey of the Anzali Wetland and its distributaries.
These baseline data is very valuable and useful to conserve the ecosystem of wetland.
In the last session of the symposium, Mr. Watanabe emphasized on the necessity of implementing the regular monitoring survey, and recommended to implement the other baseline survey on plants, Benthos, Planktons, reptiles and amphibians of Anzali Wetland in order to conduct the Anzali Wetland adaptive management. It should be noted that the fish survey is ongoing.
There is less information of ecosystem as scientific baseline to implement the wetland ecosystem conservation of the Anzali Wetland until now. Many Iranian say that many surveys have been completed and three are enough information to implement restoration activity. However it is completely wrong. We don’t have enough information about ecosystem even now. Even though we have enough information in the moment, we should not forget to continue to monitor the ecosystem for long time. JET strongly recommends the remained ecosystem baseline survey should be conducted and also regular monitoring should be introduced as soon as possible.