Second session of symposium” Report of the Mammal and Bird survey in the Anzali Wetland “How to Monitor and Conserve the Anzali Wetland Ecosystem” was held to share widely the results of surveys on 5th February in the Anzali Wetland Environmental Education Center in Selkeh Wildlife Refuge. 38 experts from related organizations and NGOs participated.
In symposium opening speech, Mr. Aoki, the Chief Advisor of the project from JICA Expert Team claimed that these kind of comprehensive ecosystem surveys are necessary to grasp the data about Anzali Wetland ecosystem and understand the current situation of it in order to implement the conservation and restoration activities.
Dr. Naderi (Professor of Gilan University), the leader of mammal survey, explained 21 species of mammal were recorded in the Anzali Wetland. Common Otter was one of the most frequent mammal species. He explained that during one year field survey in Anzali wetland they control and surveyed about 200 km of coastal area on foot, and several camera traps were installed for detecting mammals. In addition he explained different types of bats and rodents, and also shared the result of survey on Jungle Cat and Wild Cat.
Mr. Abbas Ashoori, main partner of bird survey (DOE Expert) in behalf of Dr. Waraste Moradi (Professor of Gorgan University), leader of bird survey project had a presentation that the survey identified 243 species in the Anzali Wetland. In addition to bird fauna survey, 2,725 nests of Whiskered Tern, 5 nests of Common Tern, 6 colonies of Purple Heron, 1,146 nests of Great Reed Warbler were found in the Anzali Wetland.
Mr. Watanabe, Wetland ecosystem conservation expert from JICA Expert Team reported the migration route of the satellite tracking of Dalmatian Pelican in 2016 which moved to the wetland along the coast of Caspian Sea in Russia from the Anzali Wetland. He informed the next step of satellite tracking was unfortunately postponed to next winter because avian influenza became epidemic domestically and globally.
And he reported the Selkeh Wildlife Refuge is now drastically changing after dredging work by Department of Environment. He strongly emphasized the monitoring is essential for adaptive management for restoration of the Selkeh Wildlife Refuge.
After the indoor sessions, the participants went to see many Whooper Swans, Dalmatian Pelicans and many Ducks in the Selkeh Wildlife Refuge from the watching tower by using binoculars and telescope which JICA prepared.
They could clearly recognize that there were fewer water birds in the dredged area and more water birds in no dredged area. Because there is no vegetation in the dredged area. Mr. Watanabe mentioned the situation will be dramatically changed in next winter after vegetation growing. The monitoring of not only biologically parameters but also physical parameters is very important; therefore the monitoring should be started as soon as possible by DOE.